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martes, 29 de septiembre de 2009

El pensamiento eugenésico de H. G. Wells en los 30 y 40

El pensamiento eugenésico de H. G. Wells en los 30 y 40, artículo escrito por John S. Partington. Fuente en inglés.

Journal Article Excerpt

H.G. Wells's eugenic thinking of the 1930s and 1940s *.

by John S. Partington

IN A PREVIOUS UTOPIAN STUDIES ARTICLE ("Death of the Static"), I presented Wells's eugenic thinking between 1892 and 1908. That article demonstrated the influence of T.H. Huxley's principle of "ethical evolution" on Wells's developing social policy. Rather than support the "survival of the fittest", Huxley advocated the "the fitting of as many as possible to survive" ("Evolution and Ethics" 82). As I demonstrated, Wells followed Huxley's lead during the late-Victorian and Edwardian period, devising social policy based on the "minimum standard" (Mankind in the Making 108), a rejection of "Race Prejudice" (381), and the advocacy of the "Endowment of Motherhood" (An Englishman Looks at the Worm 229). However, Wells did not reject eugenics outright but considered it of possible use in improving the survival chances of the human species and preventing the occurrence of unwanted births. While Wells consistently rejected positive eugenics, claiming that the creation of an ideal type was antithetical to the principles of Darwinian evolution and arguing that competitive selection was a prerequisite for species advance, he felt that negative eugenics--the prevention of "congenital invalids" and certain anti-social types from breeding and the employment of euthanasia against severely "diseased" new-borns--did have a role in a scientifically-organised society. I argued in that article that Wells's eugenic advocacy, however, could not be viewed in isolation but was intrinsically linked to his more immediate social policy concerns such as improved housing, better education and universal healthcare.

That article only investigated Wells's eugenic thought up...

Artículo en find articles. H.G. Wells's eugenic thinking of the 1930s and 1940s.

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Este blog tiene como objetivo mostrar opiniones literarias o críticas tanto mías, como las que yo encuentre en Internet, como las opiniones de los lectores que deseen colaborar.